Applications for the selection of the best in the tourist marketing of Istria – Golden Goat

first_imgPreparations for the selection of winners are in full swing annual Golden Goat Awards – Capra d’oro which has been awarded by the Tourist Board of the Istrian County since 1995 for its outstanding contribution in the field of marketing activities in the tourism of Istria. By awarding this prize, which is traditionally presented at a ceremony at the end of the year, the County Tourist Board seeks to encourage all participants in Istrian tourism to improve the quality of destination promotion, to introduce innovations, to create new stories.”The variety and quality of candidacies that arrive at the address of the County Tourist Board every year indicate that the Istrian tourism sector is full of ideas and programs, some of which are at the level of the latest trends in the industry. There are more and more prominent individuals who have focused a significant part of their professional and private activities on the construction of new tourist products, which requires a good idea, networking and organization, as well as hard and constant work. The result is a proliferation of tourist stories – from those in small family households to activities realized in the largest hotel systems.. ” stand out from the Tourist Board of the Istrian County.Golden Goat and plaques are awarded once a year with the aim and in the function of motivating the private and public tourism sector to improve the quality of destination promotion and encourage innovation, encourage the creation and development of new products and tourism promotion and recognition of efforts by participants in promoting Istria. the best achievements in the tourism of Istria.Golden Goat – Capra d’oro is awarded in five categories, and will be awarded to the best submitted project, product or activity in each of the four categories: events, innovative products, tourism products and visual communications. In addition to awards to institutions and companies in the development of tourism marketing, a special recognition is given for the work of individuals as the main award – a commemorative sculpture of a goat. All natural and legal persons of the Republic of Croatia can nominate a person for the award for exceptional contribution to the promotion of Istrian tourism. All applications are accepted until Thursday, October 27, 2016, for more information and application conditions see herelast_img read more

Tender for concession award on Zlatni Rat beach annulled!

first_imgThe expert commission of the Ministry of the Sea, Transport and Infrastructure carried out administrative supervision over the procedure of awarding a concession for economic use of maritime property on the beach “Zlatni Rat” in Bol and issued a decision annulling the Decision of the Split-Dalmatia County Assembly of 18 April concessions for the economic use of maritime property on the beach “Zlatni Rat” in Bol.As pointed out by the Ministry of the Sea, Transport and Infrastructure, the decision is based on the findings and proposed measures established by the Commission in the implementation of administrative supervision, which found violations of the Law on Maritime Property and Seaports, the Law on Concessions and the Law on Public Procurement.The Commission found that the grantor in the electronic public procurement notice set the wrong deadline for submission of bids, that in the process of awarding the concession all information and subsequent explanations were not made available to all in the same way and that the Split-Dalmatia County Assembly passed the decision without prior approval of the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Energy.Upravljanje pomorskim dobrom treba prepusti lokalnoj samoupravi, sve drugo je suludo i neogično.last_img read more

Study finds why some colors appear more memorable than others

first_imgEmail Pinterest Share on Facebook Share on Twitter LinkedIncenter_img Though people can distinguish among millions of colors, we have trouble remembering specific shades because our brains tend to store what we’ve seen as one of just a few basic hues, a Johns Hopkins University-led team discovered.In a new paper published in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, researchers led by cognitive psychologist Jonathan Flombaum dispute standard assumptions about memory, demonstrating for the first time that people’s memories for color are biased in favor of “best” versions of basic colors over the colors they actually saw.For example, there’s azure, there’s navy, there’s cobalt and ultramarine. The human brain is sensitive to the differences between these hues –we can, after all, tell them apart. But when storing them in memory, people label all of these various colors as “blue,” the researchers found. The same thing goes for shades of green, pink, purple, etc. This is why, Flombaum said, someone would have trouble glancing at the color of his living room and then trying to match it at the paint store. Share “Trying to pick out a color for touch-ups, I’d end up making a mistake,” said Flombaum, an assistant professor of psychological and brain sciences at Johns Hopkins. “This is because I’d misremember my wall as more prototypically blue. It could be a green as far as Sherwin-Williams is concerned, but I remember it as blue.”Flombaum, working with cognitive scientists Gi-Yeul Bae of the University of California, Davis, Maria Olkkonen of the University of Pennsylvania and Sarah R. Allred of Rutgers University, demonstrated that what seems like a difference in the memorability of certain colors is actually the result of the brain’s tendency to categorize colors. People remember colors more accurately, they found, when the colors are good examples of their respective categories.The team established this color bias and its consequences through a series of experiments. First, the researchers asked subjects to look at a color wheel made up of 180 different hues, and to find the “best” examples of blue, pink, green, purple, orange and yellow. Next they conducted a memory experiment with a different group of participants. These participants were shown a colored square for one-tenth of a second. They were asked to try to remember it, looking at a blank screen for a little less than one second, and then asked to find the color on the color wheel featuring the 180 hues.When attempting to match hues, all subjects tended to err on the side of the basic, “best” colors, but the bias toward the archetypes amplified considerably when subjects had to remember the hue, even for less than a second.We can see millions of colors, but our brains store memories of those colors as basic, general hues. (Credit: Royce Faddis/JHU)“We can differentiate millions of colors, but to store this information, our brain has a trick,” Flombaum said. “We tag the color with a coarse label. That then makes our memories more biased, but still pretty useful.”The findings have broad implications for the understanding of visual working memory. When faced with a multitude of something — colors, birds, faces — people tend to remember them later as more prototypical, Flombaum said. It’s not that the brain “doesn’t have enough space” to remember the millions of options, he said, it’s that the mind tries to reconcile those precise details with more limited, language-driven categories. So an object that’s teal might be remembered as more “blue” or more “green,” while a coral object might be remembered as more “pink” or more “orange.”“We have very precise perception of color in the brain, but when we have to pick that color out in the world,” Flombaum said, “there’s a voice that says, “It’s blue,” and that affects what we end up thinking we saw.”last_img read more

Not so happy old age? Depressive symptoms increase with age

first_imgShare Share on Facebook The notion that older people are happier than younger people is being challenged following a recent study led by a University of Bradford lecturer.In fact it suggests that people get more depressed from age 65 onwards.The study, led by psychology lecturer Dr Helena Chui and recently published in the international journal Psychology and Aging, builds on a 15-year project observing over 2,000 older Australians living in the Adelaide area. Share on Twitter LinkedIncenter_img Email Pinterest Previous studies have shown an increase in depressive symptoms with age but only until the age of 85. This is the first study to examine the issue beyond that age.Both men and women taking part in the study reported increasingly more depressive symptoms as they aged, with women initially starting with more depressive symptoms than men. However, men showed a faster rate of increase in symptoms so that the difference in the genders was reversed at around the age of 80.Key factors in these increases include levels of physical impairment, the onset of medical conditions, particularly chronic ones, and the approach of death. Half of those in the study suffered with arthritis and both men and women with the chronic condition reported more depressive symptoms than those without.Dr Chui said: “These findings are very significant and have implications for how we deal with old age. It’s the first study to tell us depressive symptoms continue to increase throughout old age. We are in a period of unprecedented success in terms of people living longer than ever and in greater numbers and we should be celebrating this but it seems that we are finding it hard to cope.“It seems that we need to look carefully at the provision of adequate services to match these needs, particularly in the area of mental health support and pain management. Social policies and ageing-friendly support structures, such as the provision of public transport and access to health care services are needed to target the ‘oldest-old’ adults as a whole.”last_img read more

Researchers: The general link between morality and purity exists across cultures

first_imgShare on Twitter Email Pinterest Moral people have a pure heart. Immoral acts feel dirty. Expressions that describe morality in terms of purity abound in English and numerous other languages. The idea is rooted in religions around the world as well. For example, ritual purification of the physical body symbolizes moral purification, from baptism of Christianity and mikvah of Judaism, to ablution of Islam and Buddhism, to bathing in the Ganges of Hinduism and amrit of Sikhism. Across human societies, bodily purity seems deeply intertwined with morality. Does it imply that the morality-purity link is a universal psychological phenomenon?The answer turns out to be Yes and No–it depends on what exactly we want universal to mean, according to a new study by Prof. Spike W. S. Lee of the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management and colleagues Jin Wan of the University of Groningen, Honghong Tang and Chao Liu of Beijing Normal University and Xiaoqin Mai of Renmin University of China.“If by universal we mean, ‘Does the general link between morality and purity exist across cultures?’, then yes, it appears to. But if by universal we mean, ‘Does the link manifest itself in identical ways across cultures?’, then no, it doesn’t,” says Prof. Lee. LinkedIncenter_img Share Consider East Asians. Cultural psychologists have long observed that East Asians care a lot about their “face,” or the public image of one’s self. It is evident in their tendency to avoid “losing face,” which happens when they are seen acting selfishly, disloyally, or inappropriately, and in their keenness to “gain face” by moving up the social hierarchy so that others “give face” to them. Psychologists call them a “face” culture.Given East Asians’ special emphasis on the face as a representation of public self-image, Prof. Lee and his colleagues hypothesized that facial purification might have particularly powerful moral effects among members of a face culture. They conducted several experiments to find out.In one experiment, after people recall their immoral behavior, whereas hands-cleaning effectively reduces guilt and regret against a Western backdrop, face-cleaning is more effective against an East Asian backdrop. Face-cleaning frees East Asians from the urge to engage in guilt-driven compensatory prosocial behavior. In the wake of their immorality, East Asians find a face-cleaning product especially appealing and spontaneously choose to wipe their face clean.These results suggest that moral purity is both universal and culturally variable. Its existence is found East and West. But the specific form of purification may differ from one culture to another. Whether people should wipe their hands or face clean–or rinse their mouth, or shampoo their hair, or wash their feet–is likely to depend on the cultural meanings attached to each body part.The paper was published in a recent issue of Frontiers in Psychology. Share on Facebooklast_img read more

Allowing people to see their own brain activity might help them motivate themselves

first_imgPinterest Share on Facebook At our best, we motivate ourselves every day to get dressed and go to work or school. Although there are larger incentives at work, it’s our own volition that powers us through our innumerable daily tasks.If we could learn to control the motivational centers of our brains that drive volition, would it lead us toward healthier, more productive lives? Using a new brain imaging strategy, Duke University scientists have now taken a first step in understanding how to manipulate specific neural circuits using thoughts and imagery.The technique, which is described in the March 16 issue of the journal Neuron, is part of a larger approach called ‘neurofeedback,’ which gives participants a dynamic readout of brain activity, in this case from a brain area critical for motivation. “These methods show a direct route for manipulating brain networks centrally involved in healthy brain function and daily behavior,” said the study’s senior investigator R. Alison Adcock, an assistant professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences and associate director of the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience in the Duke University Institute for Brain Sciences.Neurofeedback is a specialized form of biofeedback, a technique that allows people to monitor aspects of their own physiology, such as heart rate and skin temperature. It can help generate strategies to overcome anxiety and stress or to cope with other medical conditions.Neurofeedback has historically relied on electroencephalography or EEG, in which patterns of electrical activity are monitored noninvasively by electrodes attached to the scalp. But these measures provide only rough estimates of where activity occurs in the brain.In contrast, the new study employed functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), which measures changes in blood oxygen levels, allowing more precisely localized measurements of brain activity.Adcock’s team has been working on ways to use thoughts and behavior to tune brain function for the past eight years. In this time, they’ve developed tools allowing them to analyze complex brain imaging data in real time and to display it to participants as neurofeedback while they are in the fMRI scanner.This study focused on the ventral tegmental area (VTA), a small area deep within the brain that is a major source of dopamine, a neurochemical well known for its role in motivation, experiencing rewards, learning, and memory.According to Adcock’s previous research, when people are given incentives to remember specific images, an increase in VTA activation before the image appears predicts whether the participants are going to successfully remember the image.External incentives like money work well to stimulate the VTA, but it was unclear whether people could exercise this area on their own, said co-author Jeff MacInnes, a postdoctoral researcher in Adcock’s lab.In the new study, the team encouraged participants in the scanner to generate feelings of motivation – using their own personal strategies – during 20-second intervals. They weren’t able to raise their VTA activity consistently on their own.But when the scientists provided participants with neurofeedback from the VTA, presented in the form of a fluctuating thermometer, participants were able to learn which strategies worked, and ultimately adopt more effective strategies. Compared to control groups, the neurofeedback-trained participants successfully elevated their VTA activity.Participants reported using a variety of different motivational strategies, from imagining parents or coaches encouraging them, to playing out hypothetical scenarios in which their efforts were rewarded, said co-author Kathryn Dickerson, a postdoctoral researcher in Adcock’s group.The self-generated boost in VTA activation worked even after the thermometer display was removed. Only the participants who had received accurate neurofeedback were able to consistently raise their VTA levels.“Because this is the first demonstration of its kind, there is much still to be understood,” Adcock added. “But these tools could offer benefits for everyone, particularly those with depression or attention problems.”The neurofeedback training also activated other regions involved in learning and experiencing rewards, confirming that, at least in the short term, the brain changes its activity more broadly as a result of neurofeedback, Dickerson said.Adcock said one caveat of the study is that the team has not tested whether the neurofeedback drove changes in behavior. The group is working on those studies now and also plans to conduct the same study in participants with depression and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Sharecenter_img Email LinkedIn Share on Twitterlast_img read more

Yoga and meditation could reduce risk of cognitive decline and Alzheimer’s disease

first_imgPinterest Share on Twitter LinkedIn Inner peace and a flexible body may not be the most valuable benefits that yoga and meditation have to offer, suggests new research by a UCLA-led team of neuroscientists.The team found that a three-month course of yoga and meditation practice helped minimize the cognitive and emotional problems that often precede Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia — and that it was even more effective than the memory enhancement exercises that have been considered the gold standard for managing mild cognitive impairment.“Memory training was comparable to yoga with meditation in terms of improving memory, but yoga provided a broader benefit than memory training because it also helped with mood, anxiety and coping skills,” said Helen Lavretsky, the study’s senior author and a professor in residence in UCLA’s department of psychiatry. Emailcenter_img Share Share on Facebook People with mild cognitive impairment are two-and-a-half times more likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia.The study, which appears May 10 in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, is the first to compare outcomes from yoga and meditation with those from memory training, which incorporates activities ranging from crossword puzzles to commercially available computer programs. The study of 25 participants, all over the age of 55, measured changes not just in behavior but also in brain activity.“Historically and anecdotally, yoga has been thought to be beneficial in aging well, but this is the scientific demonstration of that benefit,” said Harris Eyre, the study’s lead author, a doctoral candidate at Australia’s University of Adelaide and a former Fulbright scholar at UCLA’s Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior. “We’re converting historical wisdom into the high level of evidence required for doctors to recommend therapy to their patients.”Lavretsky and Eyre studied participants who had reported issues with their memory, such as tendencies to forget names, faces or appointments or to misplace things. Subjects underwent memory tests and brain scans at the beginning and end of the study.Eleven participants received one hour a week of memory enhancement training and spent 20 minutes a day performing memory exercises — verbal and visual association and other practical strategies for improving memory, based on research-backed techniques.The other 14 participants took a one-hour class once a week in Kundalini yoga and practiced 20 Kirtan Kriya meditation at home for 20 minutes each day. Kirtan Kriya, which involves chanting, hand movements and visualization of light, has been practiced for hundreds of years in India as a way to prevent cognitive decline in older adults, Lavretsky said.After 12 weeks, the researchers saw similar improvements among participants in both groups in verbal memory skills — which come into play for remembering names and lists of words. But those who had practiced yoga and meditation had better improvements than the other subjects in visual-spatial memory skills, which come into play for recalling locations and navigating while walking or driving.The yoga-meditation group also had better results in terms of reducing depression and anxiety and improving coping skills and resilience to stress. That’s important because coming to terms with cognitive impairment can be emotionally difficult.“When you have memory loss, you can get quite anxious about that and it can lead to depression,” said Lavretsky, who is also a researcher at the Semel Institute.The researchers report that the participants’ outward improvements in memory corresponded with perceptible changes in their brain activity. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, they showed that subjects in both groups had changes in their brain connectivity, but the changes among the yoga group were statistically significant, whereas the changes in the memory group were not.The researchers attribute the positive “brain fitness” effects of mindful exercise to several factors, including its abilities to reduce stress and inflammation, improve mood and resilience, and enhance production of brain-derived neurotrophic growth factor, a protein the stimulates connections between neurons and kick-start telomerase activity, a process that replaces lost or damaged genetic material.“If you or your relatives are trying to improve your memory or offset the risk for developing memory loss or dementia, a regular practice of yoga and meditation could be a simple, safe and low-cost solution to improving your brain fitness,” Lavretsky said.last_img read more

Study finds alcohol interventions unsuccessful for fraternity and sorority members

first_imgPinterest Share on Facebook Email LinkedIn Share on Twittercenter_img A new study from The Miriam Hospital and The Brown University Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies found that interventions targeting fraternity or sorority members at colleges around the country were unsuccessful in reducing alcohol consumption and related problems. The study recommends that more robust interventions be created for use with student members of Greek letter organizations. The paper was published today in Health Psychology.“Alcohol use is highly prevalent among U.S. college students, but especially so among members of fraternities and sororities,” said Lori Scott-Sheldon, PhD, a senior research scientist in The Miriam Hospital’s Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine and an associate professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior at Brown University.Despite disciplinary actions by universities or national chapters, alcohol misuse among members of fraternities and sororities continues to be a serious problem nationwide. Share Using meta-analysis – a statistical technique for combining the findings from independent studies – the researchers conducted a systematic review of the literature on alcohol interventions for this at-risk group of college students from 1987 to 2014.“Research shows that interventions delivered to heavier drinkers can produce strong and enduring reductions in alcohol consumption,” Scott-Sheldon said. “But what is working for the broader college student population has been less effective for fraternity and sorority members, and we need to refine or create new interventions that work better for these students.”On the positive side, the study found that interventions that addressed alcohol expectancies – beliefs about the perceived consequences of drinking – reduced alcohol consumption on specific occasions or days such as weekend drinking. However, interventions that provided moderation strategies, skills training or goal setting were less effective.“It is important to note that nearly 80 percent of the samples were fraternity members,” Scott-Sheldon added. “More data are needed on the efficacy of interventions for members of sororities especially given that studies have shown sorority women are more likely to experience sexual assault than non-sorority women.”last_img read more

Here’s how to raise a child to be sympathetic

first_imgLinkedIn Parents and teachers might often wonder how to teach children caring toward others – more so when the world feels full of disagreement, conflict, and aggression.As development psychologists, we know that children start to pay attention to the emotions of others from an early age. They actively take into account others’ emotions when making decisions about how to respond to them.Does this mean that children feel sympathy for others from an early age? And is there a way in which parents can teach their children to be sympathetic? Email Share Pinterestcenter_img Share on Facebook What is sympathy?A feeling of concern for another person, or sympathy, is based on a comprehension of the unfortunate situation and emotional state of another. It often accompanies feelings of pity for the distressed other.Sympathy is different from empathy, which is more of an “emotional contagion.” If you feel like crying when you see someone else cry, you are experiencing empathy. You might even be overwhelmed by that person’s distress.And unlike empathy, sympathy involves some distance. So, rather than being overwhelmed, feelings of sympathy might allow individuals to engage in prosocial behaviors, such as helping or sharing.We start to show concern for others from very early on. For example, babies show basic signs of concern for others in their distressed responses to another infant’s cry, although in the case of babies, it might also be possible that they do not fully understand the self as a separate entity from others. So, their cry might simply be a case of emotional contagion.Either way, these are early forms of how we show concern. Later in our lives, these advance into more sophisticated sympathy experiences. Rather than just crying for the other crying baby, children begin to think about ways to alleviate the baby’s distress.This sympathetic response becomes possible because they start to incorporate cognitive understanding of the situation the other person is in. Sympathy goes beyond mere feelings of sadness for others’ distress. Rather, it guides our actions.What makes kids shareHow do children at different ages engage differently in prosocial behaviors based on their sympathy?To understand, we conducted a study to see how children shared. In our study, 160 four- and eight-year-old children received six equally attractive stickers. They were then given an opportunity to share any number of those stickers with a hypothetical child in a picture.Children were shown multiple pictures that depicted four different conditions, which included “needy” recipients and “not needy” recipients. The needy recipient was described as,“She/he has no toys,” “She/he is sad.”And the non-needy or neutral recipient as,“This girl/boy is four/ eight years old, just like you.”What we found was that children tended to share more stickers with a needy recipient. What we also found was that eight-year-old children shared on average 70 percent of their stickers with the needy recipient (versus 47 percent with the neutral recipient). The four-year-olds shared only 45 percent of their stickers in the needy condition (versus 33 percent in the neutral condition).What makes eight-year-olds share more than two-thirds of their own stickers with the needy recipient, while four-year-olds share only about half of them?Sharing thoughtfullyThe answer to this question can be found in children’s growing abilities to put themselves in others’ shoes. Besides feeling concern for others, being able to comprehend the circumstances of others can enhance helping or sharing behaviors that are sensitive toward the condition of others.For example, as our study demonstrated, older children shared more stickers with a peer who looked sad and had fewer toys even by giving up their own. This is different from simply sharing equal numbers of stickers with peers regardless of each one’s personal circumstance.The point is that children could show emotional empathy early on, but as they develop “perspective-taking ability,” they tend to show higher levels of sympathy. Perspective-taking ability means knowing that others can have desire, knowledge and emotion that are different from their own and that those come from their point of view.For example, a child who wants to play baseball would understand that his friend has a different desire – perhaps to play football. Or that another friend who is smiling in front of his parents is, in fact, hiding his disappointment because he did not get the birthday gift he really wanted.In this regard, a recent review study that summarized the findings of 76 studies conducted during the last four decades from 12 different countries came up with the following findings:The study looked at a total of 6,432 children aged between two and 12 years to find out how children’s perspective-taking abilities and prosocial behavior were related to each other. Results revealed that children with higher ability to take another person’s point of view showed more prosocial behaviors, such as comforting, helping and sharing.Furthermore, when they compared preschool-aged children between two and five years of age versus children aged six and above, they found that this relationship became stronger as children got older.As children are increasingly able to use contextual information they become more selective about when and how to help others. That is what our study showed as well: Eight-year-old children take into account the recipient information and make more selective sharing decisions guided by their sympathy.Enhancing sympathy in childrenThe question is, could we encourage children to become sympathetic toward others? And could children learn the best way to help keeping in mind the unique circumstances of others?The ability to feel concern for others is one of the key characteristics that make us human. Sympathy binds individuals together and increases cooperation among the members of the society. This has been observed in developmental research.For example, in a long-term study conducted with 175 children, we found that when children showed high levels of sympathy at age seven, they were better accepted by peers and shared more with others up to age nine.So, one of the things that we can do to facilitate sympathy in young children according to developmental research is to use what is called inductive reasoning. Inductive reasoning implies that parents and teachers emphasize the consequences of a child’s behavior during a social interaction. For example, when a child grabs a toy from his friend, the caregiver could ask the child,“How would you feel if your friend took away a toy from you?”This can encourage children to reflect on how their own actions may affect others’ thoughts and feelings. This can facilitate sympathy.Researcher Brad Farrant, who, along with his colleagues, studied the relationship between parenting and children’s helping and caring behaviors, came up with similar findings.Farrant studied 72 children between ages four and six. The study found that children showed more actions of helping and caring when mothers encouraged their children to see things from another child’s perspective. For example, if a child was “picked on” by another child, mothers who encouraged perspective-taking would guide their child to try and work out why the other child was picking on the child.Telling a child he should help and share with others could be one way of teaching him how to be a good member of a society. However, thoughtfully engaging in conversations with the child about others’ needs, feelings, and desires could go one step further – it could help children develop sympathy.By Tina Malti, Associate Professor of Psychology, University of Toronto and Ju-Hyun Song, Post Doctoral Fellow, University of TorontoThis article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article. Share on Twitterlast_img read more

Brain study shows impulsivity is a risk factor for weight gain in some individuals

first_imgLinkedIn For the study, researchers recruited 45 individuals, ages 22 to 43 with an average BMI of 30.7, and analyzed three separate measures to understand the role of impulsivity in body weight, including a self-report, neuropsychological testing and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).For the self-report, researchers used an impulsive sensation-seeking scale to gauge innate personality characteristics. Participants were asked to rate how much they agreed with statements such as: “I tend to change interests frequently” or “I tend to begin a new job without much advance planning on how I will do it.”The neuropsychological measure sought to assess whether an individual’s decision-making style was more impulsive or cautious. It evaluated a participant’s ability to distinguish between visual images on a screen and indicate an accurate response while being tested for speed. An fMRI was used to examine brain activation and connectivity during an impulse control task that required participants to push one of two buttons depending on visual cues and refrain from pushing a button if an audio cue occurred at the same time as the visual cue.“Despite performing similarly to controls on the impulse-control task in the scanner, individuals with a high BMI exhibited altered neural function compared to normal weight individuals,” Filbey said. “We expected that an impaired ability to inhibit impulses would be the factor linking high BMI and brain change, but our study showed that having the inherent, impulsive personality trait, not an impulsive decision-making state in a specific situation or in response to vices, is the mediating factor.“Given our findings, treatments that provide coping skills or cognitive strategies for individuals to overcome impulsive behaviors associated with having an impulsive personality could be an essential component for effective weight-loss programs,” Filbey said. “Others have found that increased self-awareness of impulsive behaviors is helpful in being able to regulate behavior.” Email Share Pinterestcenter_img Share on Facebook Researchers at the Center for BrianHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas have found a link between having an impulsive personality and a high body mass index (BMI).The findings published in the journal Obesity demonstrate that having an impulsive personality — the tendency to consistently react with little forethought — is the key factor that links brain patterns of impulsivity and a high BMI. BMI is a measure of body fat for adults, based on height and weight.“Our research points to impulsive personality as a risk factor for weight gain,” said Dr. Francesca Filbey, principal investigator and associate professor in the School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences and the Center for BrainHealth. “Thus, addressing impulsive personality traits is essential to developing effective weight management programs that can help the 70 percent of Americans who are overweight or obese.” Share on Twitterlast_img read more